HEALTH Back Pain- Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis

Back Pain- Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis



Just like the central nervous system is responsible for managing your internal system, the spinal cord or backbone is responsible for supporting your external structure. The spinal cord provides stability and flexibility so you can stand straight and move quickly. 

Like other injuries occurring during different sports or various other reasons, including sore muscles, tendons, and ligaments, fractures, or other problems in your upper, middle, or lower backbone. 

Symptoms of Back Pain

  • Persistent aching or stiffness of muscles around your spine, ranging from the base of your neck to the tail bone. 
  • Sharp shooting pains in one specific area in the neck, upper back, or lower back usually happening after lifting heavy objects or other strenuous activity. Upper back pain can relate to life-threatening conditions or can be a sign of an impending heart attack. 
  • Chronic pain in the middle or lower back after sitting or standing for long times.
  • Pain that shifts from your lower back to the torso, back of your thighs to your calves and toes. 
  • Unable to stand straight without muscle spasms in the lower back and aches.

Causes of Back Pain

Other than sports, back problems occur from the bad habits we develop, like:

  • Sitting with a poor posture, including sitting with the wrong posture while driving or working at a desk. 
  • Redoing the same motion or overdoing it that the movement starts hurting your back.
  • Lifting, pulling, or pushing things without a care. 
  • Bone spurs or herniated discs can push the nerves. 
  • Osteoarthritis can damage your vertebrae.
  • Hormonal changes and weight gain during pregnancy. 
  • Weak muscles that ache because of bending, stretching or walking. 
  • Numbness, tingling, and weakness in your legs and arms. 

Back Pain Diagnosis

When should you see a doctor? If you:

  • Get hurt during a fall or accident.
  • Pain impacts your daily routine.
  • The pain spreads or lasts more than six weeks.

Other diagnoses include:

  • Feeling of numbness, tingling, or weakness in your legs, arms, or going. This may lead to the discovery of spinal cord damage. In this case, seek immediate professional help.
  • Pain extending downward to the back of your leg indicates you may have sciatica. 
  • An increase in pain while bending forward at the waist or coughing indicates herniated discs. 
  • Burning sensations during urination, frequent urination, back pain with fever indicate an infection.

You should seek medical assistance as soon as the pain increases. 

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